PHNOM PENH, Cambodia – The Southeast Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA) drew compliments from Dr. Hang Chuon Naron, Cambodia’s Minister of Education, Youth and Sports, particularly in the Center’s efforts to build the capacities of the country’s manpower in agriculture through graduate scholarship.
As second semester of Academic Year 2014-2015 commences, SEARCA awarded nine more graduate scholarships to students from Lao PDR (2), Myanmar (4), Vietnam (1), Timor Leste (1), and the Philippines (1). All new scholars are posted at the University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB).
LOS BAÑOS, Philippines – The Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA) and the Philippine Carabao Center (PCC) of the Department of Agriculture (DA) have recently collaborated on a research project titled, “Value Chain Analysis of Carabao and Carabao-based Products in the Philippines.” In recent years, carabao production has gained importance as a vital component in achieving food security and increasing farm income in the Philippines, and is now a main source of both draft power and meat for smallholder farmers. With this in mind, this project will analyze the value chain for carabao and carabao-based products in the country by examining the processes through which these products pass during production, together with the resulting variety of products at the end of the chain. In so doing, product- and commodity-specific value chain maps, which identify the activities and services, key players and their functions, product and information flows as well as selling and payment schemes, will be developed.
DAVAO, ORIENTAL, Philippines – The Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA) conducted a scoping mission in the southern Philippines province of Davao Oriental as part of the initial activities for Phase 1 of the Piloting and Upscaling Effective Models of Inclusive and Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development (ISARD) project.
Value chain analysis (VCA) relies on the basic economic principle of advantage. A VCA begins by identifying each part of its production process and identifying where steps can be eliminated or improvements can be made. The main purpose of VCA is to create value that exceeds the cost of providing the product or service and generates a profit margin.
Production of Carabao meat and milk in the Philippines is gaining momentum.Manufacturers of specific dairy and meat products now prefer ingredients from Carabao, instead of the usual animal sources, because it is cheaper and the quality is improving.Bigger potential markets for Carabao milk and meat, both as ingredient or stand-alone product, must be identified and penetrated. In the overall supply and value chain, farmers remain losers in the market place for always getting the lowest gain from Carabao products.
An assessment of the value chain of Carabao products is deemed important to identify and analyze constraints facing the key players in different segments of the chain and suggest policy directions and strategies to enhance the industry’s competitiveness and increase the participation of small-hold farmers and their share of value added.
The project generally aims to analyze the value chain for Carabao and Carabao-based products in the Philippines, and recommend specific measures for improvement. The process through which these products pass during the production process, together with the resulting variety of products at the end of the chain, will be examined. Specifically, the study aims to:Provide an overview of the Carabao and Carabao-based products industry in the Philippines and describe local production levels, production systems and trends, from national, regional and provincial levels;
Discuss the applicable product forms available for trading in major production and demand centers;
Develop product and commodity specific value chain maps which identify the specific activities and services, key players and their functions; product and information flows as well as selling and payment schemes;
Analyze the market and market opportunities (e.g., market trends of Carabao products and market standards and requirements);
Identify the constraints and opportunities faced by the value chain players by function/segment; and
Provide specific policy directions and strategies to improve the Carabao industry in general, and the specific value chain in particular.
The value chain approach describes the pre-production, production, and product transformation processes around a product from the provision of inputs to production, logistics, handling, transportation, processing, marketing, trading, and retailing up to final distribution and consumption. It is a form of industrial organization that allows buyers and sellers to progressively add and accumulate value on products that pass from one member of the chain to the next, where the risks and benefits are shared among chain members. Within the value chain, payments, credit, and working capital move from consumers to producers while technology and advanced techniques are disseminated among producers, packers, processors, and distributors.
Carabao value chain covers the full range of activities required to bring Carabao and Carabao-based products to final consumers, passing through the different phases of production, processing and delivery, via market-focused collaboration among different stakeholders who produce and market value-added products. An analysis of the Carabao value chain is essential for understanding markets, relationships, different actors, as well as the constraints that limit production and the competitiveness of smallhold farmers.
The research will involve the identification of the key players of the value chain, product and information flows, payments, and activities and services conducted by actors of the value chain. Key logistics issues, decision-makers and external influences will also be identified. Survey and key informant interviews will be conducted to validate secondary data, triangulate information, and answer specific questions related to value chain mapping. The current status and constraints being encountered by the Carabao industry will be examined, with a brief industry analysis.
The research will be implemented in regions 2, 3, 4A, 4B, and 7, in the Philippines, and a questionnaire will be formulated and designed to answer the basic study questions. Collection of primary data (survey) from the key players/actors in the value chains of Carabao products will include:Data on production, productivity, consumption, prices, income, etc.;
Actors and costs (storage, handling, transportation, quality control, etc.) along the chain;
Constraints along the value chain; and
By and large, the value chain analysis will analyze the value chains for Carabao and Carabao-based products in the Philippines, and recommend specific measures for improvement. The entire production process, together with the resulting variety of products at the end of the chain, will be examined. This study is expected to yield the following results:An overview of the Carabao and Carabao-based products industry in the Philippines and description of local production levels, production systems and trends, from national, regional and provincial levels;
Identification of specific and applicable product forms available for trading in major production and demand centers in the country;
Product- and commodity-specific value chain maps which identify the specific activities and services, key players and their functions, product and information flows as well as selling and payment schemes;performance of the value chain in terms of efficiency, flexibility and overall responsiveness; and
nature of interfirm relations (vertical and horizontal integration, backward and forward linkages).An in-depth analysis of markets and market opportunities of carabao products, including market trends and product standards and requirements, (including current and potential markets, as well as domestic and export markets);
Identification of constraints and opportunities faced by the value chain players by function/segment; and
Recommendations for policy directions, strategies and enabling environment needed to improve the Carabao industry in general, and the specific value chain in particular.
1-5 June 2015 | SEARCA, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines
The course fees are USD 660.00 for live-in participants and USD 432.00 for live-out participants. Registration will be open until 15 April 2015 (for those applying for limited training support) and 5 May 2015 (for those applying as fee-paying participants).
The following options are available for interested participants:A 5% discount for registered participants paying on or before 5 May 2015
A 10% discount for government employees and SEARCA Training Alumni/Fellows
One (1) complimentary course tuition fee for every five (5) paying participants from the same organization, valid only until 5 May 2015We regret that we cannot give a refund upon availing of any of these options. However, arranging for an alternate participant if you suddenly have to cancel is most welcome.
Course fees must be paid in cash, check, or international bank transfer. If payment will be made in check, please make the check payable to SEAMEO SEARCA. Payment by international bank transfer must be made through the following account (please note that an additional US$10 must be added to cover bank charges):Account Name:
SEAMEO SEARCABank Name:
CITIBANK, N. A.Bank Address:
8741 PASEO DE ROXAS, MAKATI CITY 1200, PHILIPPINESAccount Number:
US DOLLAR SAVINGS ACCOUNTSwift Code:
Course/Registration Fee for Name of Participant/Organization for the Second Executive Forum for Leaders in ASEAN Agriculture and Development
Download Registration Form:For those applying for limited training support (Application Form for Training Grant and Nomination Form)
For those applying as fee-based participants (Course Application Form)A scanned copy of the bank remittance slip for course fee payment must be emailed to SEARCA by 10 May 2015 to be considered as an official participant of the course. Your registration form and confirmation of payment of the course fee should be sent to: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org or (63-49) 536 2283 (fax).
Background and Rationale
The global agricultural landscape is undergoing changes and challenges, driven by a multitude of factors both anthropogenic and natural – climate change, food security, the financialization of commodities, biofuels – to name a few. In the face of these challenges, leaders in the agriculture development community in ASEAN need to level up their skills and knowledge, and be familiar with the nuances associated with managing a changing landscape. Moreover, leaders also face the multidisciplinary nature of the issues, even their connectedness – all of which require the capacity of leaders to take more holistic views and make multilateral decisions on complex matters.
One of the changes seen in the latter half of the first decade of the 21st century has been the renewed interest in agriculture and in how global, regional and national institutions for agricultural policy and research could have greater development impact for the poor. In ASEAN, a major challenge is how to achieve sustained economic growth and rural poverty alleviation through sustainable agricultural development within a shifting environment characterized by global trade and geopolitics, threats to food safety and security and the natural resource base. Sustained economic growth that is also equitable and environmentally sensitive/sound is a pre-condition for enhancing the welfare and quality of life of people in the ASEAN region.
Against this backdrop, agriculture remains an important driver of economic development in the ASEAN region, especially from the cash crop plantation sector with examples like oil palm, rubber and cacao. Even with food crops, ASEAN concurrently has two of the top exporters of rice but also two of the top importers of rice, and has its own group of large agrifood enterprises that export worldwide.
In the long run, global competitiveness is inextricably linked to sustainability and global effectiveness. In the ASEAN region, agricultural development plays strategic roles in economic development. To maximize its potential for growth, sustainable agricultural development needs bold and deliberate actions in trade and investment, which could gain the best advantage in the international market.
Considering the serious and determined efforts of ASEAN to form an ASEAN community, this executive forum will be grounded not only on the principles of sustainable agricultural development, global cooperation and competitiveness, and global effectiveness; but more so on deep knowledge and understanding of ASEAN and its primordial concerns and dynamic processes.
Goal and Objectives
The goal of the forum is to build a community of ASEAN leaders in agriculture who are empowered with knowledge on key contemporary issues in agriculture and food security, with a focus on new knowledge, high impact technologies, and innovative approaches, so that the challenges arising from a dynamic agri-food landscape may be met.
Specifically, the forum aims to:Provide current knowledge on important topics which influence the global agriculture landscape, with respect to sustainable development, trade, and livelihoods.
Provide a comprehensive and deep understanding of factors driving the agriculture landscape in the ASEAN region, contextualized within the global and milieu of factors; and
Introduce to participants a change management paradigm of leadership beyond the best practice based on complexity theory. Technical Coordinator of the forum is Dr. Paul S. Teng, Principal Officer at the National Institute of Education, Senior Fellow and Adviser to the Food Security Programme, Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, and SEARCA Senior Fellow. Professor Teng was formerly Deputy Director-General (Research) of the World Fish Center based in Malaysia. He also worked for Monsanto Company (1999-2002) as Asia Pacific Director of Science and Technology, and then Asia Vice-President for Public Affairs. Prior to this, he was with the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines, as its Program Leader for Cross-ecosystems Research (1991-1998) and its Integrated Pest Management Coordinator (1987-1990).
The forum focuses on the role of agriculture (crops and animals), together with aquaculture, in relation to four commonly expressed government goals:Sustainable rural development
Conserving natural resources in the environment
Achieving competitive agricultural exports
Ensuring food security for rural and urban populationsThis five-day forum will cover the following modules:
Module 1: New Elements in the Agriculture-Development LandscapeGlobalized Environment
Scientific Advancements and Technological Innovations
Systematic Impact IssuesModule 2: The ASEAN Landscape for Agriculture vis-à-vis the Global Agriculture LandscapeThe ASEAN Community: Dynamics and Processes
Food Security: The Global Picture in an ASEAN Context
Global and Regional Knowledge ManagementModule 3: New Leadership Modes under ComplexityManagement of Change and Coping with Complexity
Essential Leadership Skills in Complex Situations
A “Futures” Scenario in Planning for Change
Approaches and Methods
The forum will integrate the three modules into a learning framework and will use three “learning vehicles:” knowledge triggers, knowledge generators, and knowledge applications.
Intended ParticipantsMiddle managers to senior leaders in national agriculture, fisheries, and rural development agencies, such as Heads of Departments, with responsibility to advise the Minister or equivalent government authority on matters related to agriculture, food security, and sustainable development
Officials in related government agencies, with responsibility for aspects on food security
Leaders from private entities, statutory bodies, and civil society organizations
Staff from international and regional bodies located in ASEAN
Executive Forum Duration and Venue
1-5 June 2015 | SEARCA, College, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines
Executive Forum FeeThe forum fee is USD 660.00 per participant, which covers forum materials, meals during the duration of the forum, accommodation (twin-sharing), and airport transfers. Live-out rate is USD 432.00. Subsidized rates are available upon request.
All other expenses associated with the forum (international air travel, visa, airport terminal fees, travel/health insurance, and other personal expenses) are at the participants’ own expense.NOTE: Limited training support is open only to qualified nationals of SEAMEO member countries (i.e., Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Timor Leste, and Vietnam).
The deadline for filing of application with limited training support is 30 March 2015. Once awarded, grantees will have until 15 April 2015 to officially register for the forum. Deadline for filing of application for fee-paying participants is 30 April 2015. Course fees must be received by SEARCA before the forum commences. Deadline for registration of fee-paying participants is 5 May 2015.
For the application form for fee-paying participants, please click here.For training grant applicants, please click on the application form and nomination form.
Research and Development Generating information, knowledge, lessons, and insights that will influence policies, investments, trade, and other actions that will promote competitive agriculture, as well as inclusive and sustainable ARD. Read More
Knowledge Management Promoting a learning culture, knowledge creation, knowledge-sharing and use, with a predominant focus on the broad strategic theme of ISARD. Read More
“Agritourism is not for everyone, it’s a niche product but it has a lot of potential”, asserted Prof. Eli Paolo Fresnoza, Assistant Professor at UP’s Asian Institute of Tourism during SEARCA’s Agriculture and Development Seminar Series on 5 July 2011 at the Drilon Hall.
As a hybrid concept fusing together the elements of the tourism and agriculture industries, agritourism can be harnessed as a form of special interest tourism focusing on the unique travel experiences and activities that people can have in agricultural settings. When people travel, it is the attraction or experience that people go for; if food and beverage, accommodation and transportation are included in the package, even a farm can be a tourist destination. Prof. Fresnoza explained that agritourism is sustainable tourism as it marries the concept of enjoyment with resource management, community empowerment, cooperation, fair trade and diversification. Moreover, agritourism does not need large capital investment outlay because many existing farm sites just need to be enhanced.
In 2002, with the vision of the Philippines becoming the premier agritourism destination in Asia, the Department of Tourism (DOT) and the Department of Agriculture (DA) worked with the UP Asian Institute of Tourism on a manual that identified initial agritourism sites all over the country such as the C & B Orchid Farm in San Rafael, Bulacan, Sonya’s Secret Garden in Alfonso, Cavite, Oroverde in Guimaras, and Del Monte Plantation in Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon. In recent years, more agritourism sites have been developed including Bohol Bee Farm in Dauis, Bohol, Dragon Fruit Farm in Burgos, Ilocos Norte and The Farm at San Benito, Batangas.
As the agritourism sector is still largely private-sector-driven, a few challenges to meeting agritourism’s potential in the Philippines include confusion on which government agency will lead the potential (Is it DOT or DA?), and limited standardization and accreditation. Prof. Fresnoza put forward a few specific recommendations to meet these challenges. These include: education and curriculum development in secondary and post-secondary schools, improvement of access to capital, technical training and accreditation and certification, setting up of an agritourism center for research, development and innovation as well as an agritourism destination marketing bureau.
“Harnessing agritourism opportunities is key to regional development”, Prof. Fresnoza reiterated. This can be done in two ways. One is the bottom-up approach, where established farms approach DOT and DA to help them market and promote the experiences they offer. The other is the top-down approach, where through training and financial grants, the two departments help farms that have potential but lack the capability to market their destinations.
DISCLAIMER: The point of view taken by this article is entirely that of the presenter's and does not reflect in any way, SEARCA’s position.